Docker Cheat Sheet:

Exit Docker console

^p + ^q

Copy files between Docker container and host

docker cp <containerId>:/file/path/within/container /host/path/target

Update docker images

docker images | grep -v REPOSITORY | awk '{printf("%s:%s\n", $1, $2)}' | xargs -L1 docker pull

Find the dependent child images on Docker

docker inspect --format='{{.Id}} {{.Parent}}' $(docker images --filter since=<image id> -q)

Check docker logs size

docker inspect --format='' $(docker ps -a -q) | grep "LogPath" | awk -F: '{gsub(/"/, "", $2); gsub(/ /, "", $2); print substr($2, 1, length($2)-1)}' | sudo xargs -n 1 du -ah

Removing Docker containers and images

  • List all exited containers
    docker ps -aq -f status=exited
    docker ps --all
  • Remove stopped containers
    docker container prune
    docker ps -aq --no-trunc | xargs docker rm
  • Remove dangling/untagged images
    docker image prune
    docker images -q --filter dangling=true | xargs docker rmi
  • Remove containers created after a specific container
    docker ps --since a1bz3768ez7g -q | xargs docker rm
  • Remove containers created before a specific container
    docker ps --before a1bz3768ez7g -q | xargs docker rm
  • Use –rm for docker build
    Use –rm together with docker build to remove intermediary images during the build process.

Docker logs

  • Clean container’s log
sudo -i

echo "" > $(docker inspect --format='{{.LogPath}}' <container_name_or_id>)

  • Setting docker daemon configuration file /etc/docker/daemon.json
    "log-driver": "json-file",
    "log-opts": {"max-size": "10m", "max-file": "3"}

Push image to Docker hub

docker logoin
docker images
docker tag <image id> <yourhubusername>/<imagename>[:image-tag]


$ docker images
REPOSITORY              TAG       IMAGE ID         CREATED           SIZE
verse_gapminder_gsl     latest    023ab91c6291     3 minutes ago     1.975 GB
verse_gapminder         latest    bb38976d03cf     13 minutes ago    1.955 GB
rocker/verse            latest    0168d115f220     3 days ago        1.954 GB

$ docker tag bb38976d03cf yourhubusername/verse_gapminder:firsttry
$ docker push yourhubusername/verse_gapminder