Coins in a Line II

Medium

Question

There are n coins with different value in a line. Two players take turns to take one or two coins from left side until there are no more coins left. The player who take the coins with the most value wins.

Could you please decide the first player will win or lose?

Example
Given values array A = [1,2,2] , return true .
Given A = [1,2,4] , return false .

Thinking

DP:

• State
dp[n]: picking up the n item, how to get maximum values for left items.
• Function
• n: all items
• sums[n]: sum of all items
• dp[n] = sums[n] - min(dp[n - 1], dp[n - 2]);
• Intialize:
dp[0]: 0
dp[1]: values[n - 1]
dp[2]: values[n - 1] + values[n - 2]
• Answer
dp[n]

Solution

Java

``````public class Solution {
/**
* @param values: an array of integers
* @return: a boolean which equals to true if the first player will win
*/
public boolean firstWillWin(int[] values) {
// write your code here
if (values == null || values.length == 0) {
return false;
}
int len = values.length;
if (len < 3) {
return true;
}
int[] dp  = new int[len + 1];
boolean[] visited = new boolean[len + 1];
int total = 0;
int[] sums = new int[len + 1];
for (int i = 1; i <= len; i++) {
sums[i] = sums[i - 1] + values[len - i];
total += values[len - i];
}
int sum = maxSum(len, len, dp, visited, sums, values);
return sum > total / 2;
}

private int maxSum(int i, int len, int[] dp, boolean[] visited, int[] sums, int[] values) {
if (visited[i]) {
return dp[i];
}
if (i == 0) {
dp[i] = 0;
} else if (i == 1) {
dp[i] = values[len - 1];
} else if (i == 2) {
dp[i] = values[len - 1] + values[len - 2];
} else {
dp[i] = sums[i] - Math.min(maxSum(i - 1, len, dp, visited, sums, values), maxSum(i - 2, len, dp, visited, sums, values));
}
visited[i] = true;
return dp[i];
}
}
``````