# Space Replacement

## Question

Write a method to replace all spaces in a string with %20 . The string is given in a characters array, you can assume it has enough space for replacement and you are given the true length of the string.

You code should also return the new length of the string after replacement.

Notice
If you are using Java or Python，please use characters array instead of string.

Example
Given "Mr John Smith" , length = 13 .

The string after replacement should be "Mr%20John%20Smith" , you need to change the string in-place and return the new length 17 .

## Thinking

• The array length is not the string length.
• Create a new array and copy all emelments back to origin array.
• Using original array. (assume the array is long enought to shift all elements to right)

## Solution

### Java (Shift elements)

``````public class Solution {
/**
* @param string: An array of Char
* @param length: The true length of the string
* @return: The true length of new string
*/
public int replaceBlank(char[] string, int length) {
if (string == null || string.length == 0) {
return 0;
}
int index = 0;
int newLen = length;
while (true) {
if (index >= newLen) {
break;
}
if (string[index] == ' ') {
for (int i = (newLen - 1); i > index; i--) {
string[i + 2] = string[i];
string[i + 1] = string[i - 1];
}
string[index++] = '%';
string[index++] = '2';
string[index++] = '0';
newLen += 2;
} else {
++index;
}
}
return newLen;
}
}
``````

### Java (Creating a new array)

Note
Since the method has no return type, the input array length must be long enough for new string. Even though this solution works, it may not the right solution.

``````public class Solution {
/**
* @param string: An array of Char
* @param length: The true length of the string
* @return: The true length of new string
*/
public int replaceBlank(char[] string, int length) {
if (string == null) {
return 0;
}
int spaceCount = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < string.length; i++) {
if (string[i] == ' ') {
++spaceCount;
}
}
int newLen = length + spaceCount * 2;
// temporary array length can be three times of length.
// we can omit the for loop above.
char[] newString = new char[newLen];
int index = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
if (string[i] == ' ') {
newString[index++] = '%';
newString[index++] = '2';
newString[index++] = '0';
} else {
newString[index++] = string[i];
}
}
System.arraycopy(newString, 0, string, 0, newLen);
return newLen;
}
}
``````